Land use

Crops on arable land in 2021

Based on data from EU funding applications (as at September 2021), the arable land area amounted to 1.32 million hectares in 2021, which corresponded to 16% of the Austrian territory. At 746 883 ha (56.6%), cereal cultivation accounted for the largest share of arable land. Field fodder crops were grown on an area of 235 509 ha (17.8%), and oil seed crops covered 177 443 ha (13.4%). While root crops were cultivated on an area of 60 504 ha (4.6%), grain legumes – at 19 960 ha – accounted for 1.5% of total arable land. Ultimately, 50 684 ha or 3.8% of arable land lay fallow in 2021; only around 28 783 ha (2.2%) were accounted for by other arable land areas or were used for cultivating special crops, such as vegetables, flowers, strawberries and medicinal, aromatic and culinary plants.

In 2021, the area under cereal cultivation decreased by 2.3% over the previous year to 746 883 ha.

Grain legumes (protein plants) were grown on an area of 19 960 ha, 6.4% more than in 2020. The area with root crops increased by 19.3% to 60 504 ha compared to 2020. An increase of 6.8% to 177 443 ha was observed for oil seed crops. Field fodder crops were planted on an area of 235 509 ha (-2.6%).

Methodological notes

The Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS) was introduced in 1995 when Austria joined the EU. Under IACS, Agrarmarkt Austria collects detailed data by agricultural parcel on the cultivated area of individual field crops using the "multiple application". In 2021, this data was transferred to STATISTICS AUSTRIA where it was evaluated as secondary statistics, as has been the case since 1996. The results underwent thorough checks before they were published, and were revised and supplemented on the basis of expert estimates in areas (primarily in the vegetable, flower and ornamental plant sector) of undercoverage with respect to funding applications.

Since 2005, cultivated area has been evaluated on the basis of its actual location. Previously, cultivated area was only shown according to the business principle, i.e. the area was assigned to the federal province in which the farmer's place of business was located. This led to distortions in a number of provinces, such as between Burgenland and Lower Austria if, for example, Lower Austrian farmers farmed land in Burgenland and this land had therefore previously been assigned to Lower Austria according to the business principle.

Crops on arable land in 2021
Crops on arable land in 2011-2021
Vineyard areas 2020 by wine-growing-regions
Vineyard areas 2015 by wine-growing-regions
Vineyard areas 2009 by wine-growing-regions
Vineyard areas 1999 by wine-growing-regions

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