In 2020, there were 155 900 agricultural and forestry holdings in Austria on the basis of preliminary results of the Farm Structure Survey 2020 as of September 2021. Overall, the structural change in domestic agriculture has continued over the past ten years: The number of agricultural and forestry holdings fell by 17 400 or 10% compared to 2010, and the trend towards larger holdings continued. 86 700 farms or 56% also kept livestock in 2020, compared to 63% in 2010. Around 20% of the farms are organic ones, ten years ago the proportion was 14%. At 91%, the largest share of agricultural and forestry holdings in Austria is still run in the form of family businesses.
Though the structure of Austria’s agriculture remains small-scale, however, a trend towards larger holdings is still obvious: Some ten years ago, one holding managed a total area of 42.4 hectares on average, in 2020 this average has grown to 45.1 hectares. A similar development was observed for the utilised agricultural area (arable land, kitchen gardens, permanent crops, permanent grassland), where an increase from 18.8 to 21.1 hectares was recorded. The average area used for forestry has increased from 23.4 hectares in 2010 to 25.1.
This general tendency can also be monitored in livestock farming. Ten years ago, one agricultural holding kept 28 cattle in average; since then the average has risen to 34 cattle. The per-holding-average of swine stock increased from 85 pigs in 2010 to 111 pigs in 2020.
|Agricultural and forestry holdings in Austria 1951 to 2020|
|Agricultural and forestry holdings and their total area 1990, 1999, 2010, 2013 and 2016|
|Farm Structure Survey 2010: Holdings and total area in comparison to 2003, 2005 and 2007 by Länder|
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 13.12.2021