Livestock

Bovine livestock 1 June 2021

A total of 1 846 000 cattle was kept in Austria on 1 June 2021. Compared to the previous year, this represents an increase of 0.1% or 2 100 animals.

With an increase of 1.4% the number of young cattle aged under one year rose to 596 000 animals (see table 1). In detail, the stock of calves for slaughter increased by 1.9% to 148 000 and that of other calves and young cattle by 1.3% to 448 000 animals.

Compared to 1 June 2020, the number of cattle aged one to under two years declined by 0.7% to 413 000 animals. While the number of male cattle (-1.8% to 154 000) and heifers for production and breeding (-0.7% to 174 000) dropped, that of heifers for slaughter (+1.3% to 85 200) rose.

The stock of at least two-year-old cattle declined by 0.4% to 838 000 animals compared to the previous year. Except for dairy cows, which rose by 1.6% to 531 000, decreases were recorded in all other categories. The number of other cows fell by 5.0% to 184 000, that of heifers for production and breeding by 1.8% to 86 700 and heifers for slaughter dropped by 0.2% to 17 600 animals. The stock of bulls and oxen decreased by 0.7% to 18 600 animals.

With a total of 54 400, the number of cattle holdings on the reference day fell by 2.5% compared to 2020. The average livestock density was 34 animals per holding.

About the methodology

The present statistics is based on Regulation (EC) No 1165/2008 concerning livestock and meat statistics; implemented under Ordinance Federal Law Gazette II No. 163/2012 (available in German only) issued by the Federal Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Environment and Water Management. The bovine livestock was determined through an evaluation of the central cattle database pursued by Agrarmarkt Austria in combination with data from the Association of Austrian Cattle Breeders. The administrative data were consolidated by the Federal Institute of Agricultural Economics, Rural and Mountain Research, which also subsequently processed the results.

Pig livestock 1 June 2021

The total number of pigs amounted to 2 734 000, 1.5% or 39 300 animals more than on 1 June 2020.

The number of piglets and young pigs rose by 0.5% to 1.42 million and that of pigs for breeding by 0.1% to 234 000. The stock of pigs for fattening increased by 3.1% to a total of 1.08 million animals (see table 2).

Compared to the previous year, an increase in the number of pigs was recorded in almost all categories. On 1 June 2021, a stock of 668 000 piglets (+0.1%) and 749 000 young pigs (+0.8%) was determined. Within the group of pigs for breeding, the number of covered breeding sows remained almost unchanged at 159 000 (-0.1%), while that of not covered sows rose to 70 700 (+0.7%). The stock of breeding boars fell to 4 900 (-0.9%). Within pigs for fattening, the number of animals weighing 50 to less than 80 kg rose to 528 000 animals (+1.7%) and that of animals weighing 80 to less than 110 kg to 433 000 (+3.1%). With a plus of 9.3%, the stock of pigs weighing more than 110 kg increased to 122 000.

The share of Austrian Länder most relevant for pig production (Upper Austria, Lower Austria and Styria) remained constant at 93.7% of the total stock.

About the methodology

The present statistics is based on Regulation (EC) No 1165/2008 concerning livestock and meat statistics; implemented under Ordinance Federal Law Gazette II No. 163/2012 (available in German only) issued by the Federal Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Environment and Water Management. Since 2012, the number of pigs for the reference day 1 June is calculated using a regression model, based on data from the Veterinary Information System, instead of a sample survey conducted directly at holdings as in previous years.

Sheep and goat livestock 1 December 2020

The number of sheep fell by 2.2% to 394 000 animals, while that of goats rose slightly by 0.3% to 92 800. Compared to December 2019 both sheep categories, the number of ewes and ewe lambs put to the ram (-2.3% to 235 000 animals) and other sheep (-2.0% to 158 000), showed declines. The number of goats that have already kidded and goats that have been mated (-0.7% to 59 700) dropped slightly, while the stock of other goats increased (+2.0% to 33 000 animals).

About the methodology

The survey is based on Regulation (EC) No 1165/2008 concerning livestock and meat statistics; implemented under Ordinance Federal Law Gazette II No. 163/2012 (available in German only) issued by the Federal Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Environment and Water Management. The data was collected by a sample survey at around 7 000 holdings directly.

Livestock 2011 to 2021
Bovine livestock by Laender 1946 to 2020
Swine stocks by Laender 1946 to 2020
Sheep stocks by Laender 1946 to 2020
Goat stocks by Laender 1946 to 2020
Equine stocks by Laender 1946 to 2003

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